Frankenstein!

Frankenstein!

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Modern Europe –H#######

4/22/2017

Frankenstein’s relationship with the Industrial Revolution

 

A new age of progress transformed humanity in the 19th century. Historians have labeled this past age as the Industrial Revolution. According to Britannica, the Industrial Revolution is, “The process of change from an agrarian and handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacturing.”[1] Mary Shelley, a popular author, crafted her most popular novel, Frankenstein, on this revolution. Pessimists such as, Mary Shelley, viewed this new future with fear. She believed that the Industrial Revolution was not improving humanity’s nature. Mary Shelley’s cautionary tale, Frankenstein, proposes an interesting perspective on the Industrial Revolution. As the majority of people embraced this new age; Mary Shelley proclaimed the minority’s opinion. Yet, progress has routinely beaten this conservative narrative that focuses on the most pessimistic view of humanity.

Mary Shelly’s main character in Frankenstein embodies the Industrial Revolution. Victor Frankenstein is the main character in Mary Shelly’s popular work of fiction. Victor Frankenstein labors immensely at university to advance science. He states his labor on page thirty two, “I pursued my undertaking with unremitting ardour. My cheek had grown pale with study, and my person had become emaciated with confinement.”[2] Mr. Frankenstein pushes through health issues to make scientific progress. Later on, the dream becomes reality when Frankenstein’s creation becomes alive. This causes Victor Frankenstein to run away. He sadly had given no thought to what reality would occur when he accomplished his scientific goal. Mary Shelley showcases Mr. Frankenstein’s actions perfectly, “It was on a dreamy night of November, that I behold the accomplishment of my toils.” [3] Victor Frankenstein continues, “For this I had deprived myself of rest and health. I had desired it with an ardour that far exceeded moderation; but now that I had finished, the beauty of the dream vanished, and breathless horror and disgust filled my heart.”[4] Finally, “I took refuge in the courtyard belonging to the house which I inhabited.”[5] Mary Shelley’s hidden wordplay is steeped with metaphors to the Industry Revolution. She knew that the Industrial Revolution didn’t have definite knowledge on what it would result in. She disliked the change in humanity caused by the Industrial Revolution. As you can tell, this is very similar to Victor Frankenstein’s reality.  Hence, Victor Frankenstein is the characterization of the Industrial Revolution.

Mary Shelly projects that the Industrial Revolution would produce the downfall of humanity. Her characterization of the Industrial Revolution, Victor Frankenstein, would lose his family and his own life to the monster that he creates. The most important person to Victor Frankenstein is his wife and sister, Elizabeth. She met an unfortunate end at the hands of the monster. Here is Mr. Frankenstein’s reaction, “Great God! Why did I not then expire! Why am I here to relate the destruction of the best hope, and purest creature of earth? She [Elizabeth] was there, lifeless and inanimate, thrown across the bed, her head hanging down, and her pale and distorted features half covered by her hair. For a moment only did I lose recollection; I fell senseless on the ground.” [6] Mary Shelley portrays Victor Frankenstein in an emotional realistic response. Any man who sees his wife and or sister murdered would reasonably react this way.  Later on, Mr. Frankenstein dies in the artic climate near the North Pole after pursuing his creation for years. Mary Shelley imagines Victor Frankenstein’s death as, “His [Victor Frankenstein] voice became faint as he spoke; and at length, exhausted by his effort, he sunk into silence. About half an hour afterwards he attempted again to speak, but was unable; he pressed my hand feebly, and his eyes closed for ever, while the irradiation of a gentle smile passed away from his lips.”[7] He is pushed into the afterlife because of the Monster that he creates. The Industrial Revolution causes misery and death to thousands. Some people’s humanity is lost because of this change in civilization.

Inside of Frankenstein Mary Shelley shows the ugly side of humanity. She does this action in her work to show the reader that progress does not always improve humanity. As stated earlier the, Industrial Revolution’s characterization, Victor Frankenstein, is driven to death by the “Progress” that he creates. Here is another example of failed progress, “I [The Monster] cried, ‘Now is the time! Save and protect me! You and your family are the friends whom I seek. Do not you desert me in the hour of trial!”[8] In this quote the Monster is pleading with an old blind man for friendship and peace. The Monster just wants to establish good relations with people for the first time in the Monster’s life. Sadly, this is what happens, “Who can describe their horror and consternation on beholding me? Agatha fainted; and Safie, unable to attend to her friend, rushed out of the cottage. Felix darted forward, and with supernatural force tore me from his father, to whose knees I clung: in a transport of fury, he dashed me to the ground and struck me violently with a stick.”[9] Broad ignorance prevents the people from seeing that the Monster came in peace. The male, Felix, tries to kill the Monster with a stick. Mary Shelley tells this entertaining tale to put forth the idea that progress like the Industry Revolution does not improve are civility. We are just as savage as our brute ancestors.

Progress has won! If Mary Shelley was correct in her doubts on progress than humanity would have rejected progress. However, humanity has embraced progress because progress helps humanity. Many incorrectly say there are natural and ethical limits to progress.  There are no natural limits to humanities’ collective knowledge. Humanity has a drive to increase its knowledge. Mary Shelley shows this drive when Victor Frankenstein talks about his mind. Early on in the novel Victor states, “I have described myself as always having been imbued with fervent longing to penetrate the secrets of nature.”[10] The word, “Always” shows that mankind has been born with the drive to learn. In the pursuit of knowledge through learning mankind has produced progress. Hence, there are no natural limits to our collective knowledge. It is unrealistic to believe there is or there should be ethical limits to progress. Morality differs in cultures, nations, and people. Mary Shelley recognizes the differences between cultures when she wrote, “He is as silent as a Turk.”[11] The majority of Turks are Islamic. While the majority of English are Christian. Both peoples have distinctive views on morality because of their faith. It is wrong to say that one morality is better than the other. History has proven that this ignorant thought leads to war and mass murder. These wars never settle the matter because both peoples continue to survive after the war with ever hardening beliefs. Since, humanity cannot settle on a single morality there will never been a real ethical limit to scientific inquiry. Nor, should anyone try to impose an ethical limit to scientific inquiry. Finally, Mary Shelley’s life proves she did not truly believe in her anti-Industrial Revolution rhetoric. Mary Shelley used the, “Immoral” factories developed in the Industrial Revolution to produce her book, Frankenstein.  She was fine collecting profit via the Industrial Revolution’s mechanisms. Progress has won and will continue to win.

Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is a cautionary tale about the Industrial Revolution. She makes a compelling argument that refutes the majority’s opinion about this new age. Frankenstein, shows the reader Mary Shelley’s anxieties about the Industrial Revolution. However, the Industrial Revolution continued and humanity today embraces its founding principles. Progress is view positivity. We recognize that the positives of the Industrial Revolution outweigh the negatives.

Sources:

[1] Industrial Revolution.” Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 9 Mar. 2017. academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/Industrial-Revolution/42370. Accessed 22 Apr. 2017.

[2] Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, Dover Thrift Edition, Page 32.

[3] Shelley, Frankenstein, 34.

[4] Shelley, Frankenstein, 35.

[5] Shelley, Frankenstein, 36.

[6] Shelley, Frankenstein, 144.

[7] Shelly, Frankenstein, 162.

[8] Shelly, Frankenstein, 96.

[9] Shelly, Frankenstein, 96-97.

[10] Shelley, Frankenstein,21.

[11] Shelley,Frankenstein, 6.

Research Paper- A New Perspective on College Debt.

Research Paper- A New Perspective on College Debt.

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J### #. P#####

ENG180-29

Argument Research Paper (Final Draft)

27 April 2017

A New Perspective on College Debt

Why does Mankind shy away from ultimate freedom? Countless young boys and girls enslave themselves when they reach adulthood through the avenue of college debt. The previous sentences are startling, shocking, and emotion producers. Please step back and think; you are in the exact same position as the author. You, young man or woman, are at the cusp of completely controlling your life. However, you are just about to throw away your freedom for an undetermined amount of time because you accumulated worthless college debt. Is it peer pressure that forces you to financially caste your hands and bind your feet? Or, is it just a lack of courage to seize complete control over your life? If you seized control over your life, than you would rationally understand that all your successes and failures are because of you. Few want to seize the fiery torch of absolute freedom. We would rather have the comforts of petty excuses and blame game suspects. Hence, most people go with society’s prescribed way of life.

According to Investopedia, college debt is also known as student debt. The definition of student debt is, “money owed on a loan taken out to pay for educational expenses. Rapidly rising college tuition costs have made student debt the only option to pay for college for many students.” What is stress in the Investopedia definition of student debt is the word, “only.”  The prestigious education resource, The Institute for College Access and Success, proclaims that, “Seven in 10 seniors (68%) who graduated from public and nonprofit colleges in 2015 had student loan debt, with an average of $30,100 per borrower.” (Fontinelle) We must remember that this disturbing statistic does not include college dropouts, private for profit institutions’ students, and graduate students who are acuminating even more debt. As you can tell, the system of higher education has produced a devastating side effect that few educational professionals talk about.

DEBATE- Is it worth enslaving oneself to obtain a college degree? The majority of people believe a college degree is necessary for a good life. The minority has the completely opposite belief on a college degree. Minority members would proclaim that college is not worth the college debt that usually comes along with it. All people have shown their opinion on this great debate through their actions.

THESIS- A university degree is not worth indebting yourself because of what debt entails.  PRO POINTS-  PRO-1-A university’s degree guarantees nothing. PRO-2-You can obtain a higher education in other ways. PRO-3-And college debt limits your personal freedom.

PRO-1- A university’s degree guarantees nothing. It is just a piece of paper that states you did something for about four years. Yes, there are requirements that you had to meet to obtain this piece of paper; however, it does not guarantee a better future. Just because you earned a college degree does not mean you will have a better life than someone who did not earn a degree. Since it is hard to quantify, a “Better life,” let us look at future wealth. Many people who have not earned a college degree have financially prospered. Andrew Carnegie is one prominent example. A college degree is in fact a slimy bet. You figure a college degree’s benefit will outweigh its costs. Though, since it is a bet you do not know the outcome till afterwards.

Andrew Carnegie was one of the richest men in the world. He rose from Scottish poverty to an American millionaire without a college degree. Andrew Carnegie actually did not have a formal education at all. To fully understand Andrew Carnegie, we must look at the amazing artifacts of his life. His foundation, Carnegie Corporation of New York, has the largest number of artifacts on Andrew Carnegie. See addendum one, “Carnegie Artifacts” (Carnegie Corporation of New York).

The first artifact shows Andrew Carnegie’s Certificate of U.S. Naturalization. Remember, that Andrew Carnegie was born and lived part of his life in Scotland. The Certificate of U.S. Naturalization was produced in 1885. His foundation professes, “He [Andrew Carnegie] encouraged fellow immigrants to secure the benefits of citizenship but also to bear the responsibilities which he saw as vital for the strength of American democracy” (Carnegie Corporation of New York). Andrew Carnegie was himself an immigrant to the United States of America. Thus, he had a unique perspective on immigrants and this great nation.

The second artifact out of three breathtaking Carnegie artifacts is, The Gospel of Wealth. Andrew Carnegie wrote, The Gospel of Wealth, in 1889 after he rose to greatness with the Carnegie Steel Company. The Gospel of Wealth, is considered a pinnacle document in the field of philanthropy. Andrew Carnegie’s writing, The Gospel of Wealth, stated the beneficial role and heavenly responsibility of philanthropy by those of wealth. Carnegie believed in giving his wealth to charity during one’s lifetime. The most prominent quote in Andrew Carnegie’s The Gospel of Wealth is, “The man who dies thus rich dies disgraced” (Carnegie Corporation of New York).  This closing line in his valuable work provides great insight into the thinking of Andrew Carnegie.

Andrew Carnegie’s life proves that a college degree guarantees nothing. If this common belief that a college degree is needed for a good life were true, Andrew Carnegie should have stayed in poverty his entire life. Historical artifacts from the Carnegie Corporation of New York prove that Andrew Carnegie rose from poverty to financial greatness and then he devoted his life to philanthropy. The common belief, now proven false, has two departments that we must realize. The positive department represents Andrew Carnegie’s epic rise without formal education. He lived a great life. The negative department is the fact that a college degree is no guarantee of a good life. A college graduate may fall into poverty and darkness.

A license unlike a college diploma guarantees you a given reality. I, Rory Apollonia, have earned the right to hold a New York State Real Estate Sales Person’s license. Addendum two is my papers. Unlike a college diploma that may help you open doors to a career, my future license will open a door to a real estate career. Mr. Chinloy and Mr. Winkler accurately describe how a real estate agent earns a profit, “Real estate agents are paid in two ways. One way is from a split percentage of the individual’s generated revenue. The other is from an ownership share of the firm’s profit from all agents.” Real money is directly linked to a license unlike a college diploma. A license is better than a diploma.

PRO-2- You can obtain a higher education in other ways. A higher education does not necessarily mean you need to obtain a college degree. My hero Andrew Carnegie understood that a higher education can be found outside the system of formal education. This monumental truth was learned by Andrew Carnegie through his childhood experience. Andrew Carnegie obtained his higher education through work, life experiences, and most important of all, his local public library.  In addendum three Artifact “4 Carnegie Libraries” published by Pulitzer Prize winning digital editor Angela Nelson, states the universal library motto, “Let There Be Light.”  It is public libraries that enlighten the masses.

All universities have libraries, yet not all libraries are within universities. The foundation of a college education is the library. So why not bypass the expensive middleman, college, and obtain the valuable knowledge at its source? Everyone’s local public library is actually a free resource. All you need to do to obtain a higher education is to spend your time in the library absorbing all the knowledge contained there. Yes, public libraries are funded by the public through citizenry taxes, however, this is just a Sunk Cost. According to Britannica Academic, Sunk Cost, is, “a cost that has already been incurred and that cannot be recovered.” Hence, all public libraries are free for all of the citizenry. People do not need to throw their valuable money away or enslave themselves into gross amounts of debt. If it is confusing to understand this new profound idea, look at addendum four, “Library Thinking” (New York Public Library Digital Collections). Inside this collection of artifacts, you can see what libraries are and how the stored knowledge is obtain.

PRO-3- College debt limits your personal freedom. Once college debt is acquired it will weigh over the individual until it is paid off. Few individuals are able to pay off their college debt quickly. As a result, college debt effects the individual’s present state and future goals and considerations. College debt will prevent the individual from seizing the opportunities that pass by. These opportunities are not in the individual’s life forever. People should not live a life filled with regret because financial obligations prevent them from living their lives the way they want. The value of freedom is not completely realized until it is gone. In addendum five, the artifact entitled “Slaves being whipped. Running after fugitive slaves,” exemplifies the importance of freedom. Slaves had no freedom and thus lived merger lives filled with abuses and grievances. They would be the first people to explain the importance of freedom if they could translate their knowledge from their personal experiences.

Christian Ideology has warned about the evil and wickless that debt creates. Debt prevents our brethren from completely exercising their freedom to follow God’s teachings. The reason is that indebted individuals are usually forced into immoral practices to pay off their debts. Their freedom to choose what type of life they will live has been stripped away. According to Christian teachings, man should not be the master of fellow men in the brethren. Only God has power over his creations. Hence, debt represents the evil treachery of the Devil inside the Christian Ideology. My local parish, Church of Saint Patrick, taught me from an earlier age to resist the wickedness’s in civilization. Church of Saint Patrick’s interior represents the holiness that reminds me to live a life free of sin. Addendum six, “Church of Saint Patrick” represents my church’s wonderful artifacts.  It was great experience to revisit my church for my research paper. As a result, I have greater support, which allows me to stay away from temptations. Debt is an evil temptation.

Transitional Paragraph- College debt supporters have a unique perspective.

CON POINT #1 –Supporters of college debt believe a self-taught higher education from public libraries is inferior to a college education. Refute #1 Start-They are wrong with their view on libraries because eighteen year old American citizens who have earned high school diplomas are completely able to teach themselves with library resources. We do not need to be, “spoon fed” knowledge by teachers who claim to be, “experts.” We are not little children with underdeveloped brains. We are adults who can form our own opinions from our life experiences. Individuals can obtain a higher education at a public library if they dedicate their time to the pursuit of knowledge. A higher education is not given; it is earned through hard work. Andrew Carnegie’s life has proved this pessimistic view of humanity to be wrong. If he believed in their negative views about humanity and the individual he would have never risen to greatness.

Samantha Lopez of the Career Resource Center supports my argument. A higher education can be obtained outside of the university system. Samantha believes, “not all careers need a four year college degree. Trade school is a very viable option.” Education is always important; however, how individuals obtain their education should not matter. Their goal is solely to acquire an education. The goal is not about using a certain educating mechanism. We the people should and will choose the best paths to obtain our educational enlightenment. Hence, detractors cannot successfully argue against a superior reality that has credible supporters like Samantha Lopez.

CON POINT #2-Another counterargument view that is trumpeted by my opponents is that the job market is getting more and more competitive. Employers are looking for people with higher education degrees even for jobs which did not require higher education in the past. REFUTE #2 Start- However, Samantha Lopez of the Career Resource Center believes, “not all careers need a four year college degree.” It may seem on the surface that employers want their employees to have college degrees, however, this is wrong. Employers also known as companies and corporations are just trying to maximize their profits. I cited the continuing outsourcing of American jobs to low educated and low paid foreign workers. A huge region of America has humiliatingly been referred to as, “The Rust Belt”. This region contains Buffalo, Detroit, Cleveland, Binghamton, and Bethlehem (PA). Also, the region has experienced a steady population decline which saddens patriotic Americans. If Employers truly cared about higher education they would not have outsourced from highly educated Americans to low educated foreigners.

THESIS REWORED- A university degree is not worth indebting yourself because of what debt entails.  PRO POINTS- First, a college degree won’t guarantee a better future. It is just a gamble which for many has burned them. Second, a Higher Education can be obtained outside of university. You can acquired intellectual enlightenment by dedicating your time to study within your local public library. Andrew Carnegie’s life has proved that formal education and thus a college degree is not required to live a successful life. Third, college debt will curtail your freedom. You won’t be able to seize life’s opportunities and or follow the Christian Ideology. Do not go into debt for a college degree.

SOLUTIONS- If you are about to indebt yourself or are in college debt I ask that you reconsider your situation. Here is my solution, you can live a great life without a college degree. So, do not attend college if you cannot afford it. And if you are in university with college loans I ask you to withdraw. Please don’t feel like it is a requirement in life; it is not a requirement in life.  You shouldn’t enslave yourself in debt to achieve a Higher Education. Life is made up of precious time. Don’t waste your time enslaved in debt.  If you do; you are wasting your life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collections:

Addendum 1: Carnegie Artifacts

1) 1-Archive2-Archive

Addendum 2:

Real Estate Papers.   (This will be posted on my Instagram.)

 

Addendum 3:

3)  4-Carnegie Libraries

Addendum 4:

Library Thinking

Addendum 5:

Slavery

Slave

Addendum 6:

“Church of Saint Patrick” (These photos will be made available on my Flickr.) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works’ Cited

Angela Nelson. “12 impressive Carnegie libraries still in use today” (MNN) Mother Nature News. Last               Modified on September 29, 2016, at 6:37 a.m. http://www.mnn.com/lifestyle/arts-                      culture/photos/impressive-carnegie-libraries-still-use-around-globe-today/mission-educate#top-desktop .

Carnegie Corporation of New York. ANDREW CARNEGIE’S STORY, 2017, https://www.carnegie.org/       . Accessed March 2017.

Chinloy, Peter and Daniel T. Winkler. “Agent Performance, Incentives, and Ownership.” Journal of Housing Research, vol. 22, no. 1, Jan. 2012, pp. 101-121. EBSCOhost, libdatabase.newpaltz.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=71885649&site=ehost-live.

Fontinelle, Amy. “Student Debt.” Investopedia. Investopedia, 28 August 2014. Web. 06 April 2017.

Rust Belt.” Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. 6 April         2017<http://www.encyclopedia.com>. Accessed 7 April 2017.

New York Public Library Digital Collections, 2017, https://digitalcollections.nypl.org/  . Accessed on March 2017.

Samantha Lopez, interviewed by Rory Apollonia, 6 April 2017, face to face conversation.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, The New York Public Library. “Slaves being whipped. Running after fugitive slaves” The New York Public Library Digital Collections. 1853. http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47da-75cb-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99

“Sunk cost.” Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 23 November 2015. academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/sunk-cost/603279. Accessed 7 April 2017.

The Institute of for College Access and Success, 2017. http://ticas.org/ . Accessed on 4 April 2017.

Sources. (College Debt)

Sources. (College Debt)

My Sources are:

Works’ Cited

Angela Nelson. “12 impressive Carnegie libraries still in use today” (MNN) Mother Nature News. Last               Modified on September 29, 2016, at 6:37 a.m. http://www.mnn.com/lifestyle/arts-                      culture/photos/impressive-carnegie-libraries-still-use-around-globe-today/mission-educate#top-desktop .

Carnegie Corporation of New York. ANDREW CARNEGIE’S STORY, 2017, https://www.carnegie.org/       . Accessed March 2017.

Chinloy, Peter and Daniel T. Winkler. “Agent Performance, Incentives, and Ownership.” Journal of Housing Research, vol. 22, no. 1, Jan. 2012, pp. 101-121. EBSCOhost, libdatabase.newpaltz.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=71885649&site=ehost-live.

Fontinelle, Amy. “Student Debt.” Investopedia. Investopedia, 28 August 2014. Web. 06 April 2017.

Giphy. Giphy.com . Accessed on 27 April 2017.

Rust Belt.” Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. 6 April         2017<http://www.encyclopedia.com>. Accessed 7 April 2017.

Nawrsnews. nawrsnews.com . Accessed on 27 April 2017.

New York Public Library Digital Collections, 2017, https://digitalcollections.nypl.org/  . Accessed on March 2017.

Samantha Lopez, interviewed by Rory Apollonia, 6 April 2017, face to face conversation.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, The New York Public Library. “Slaves being whipped. Running after fugitive slaves” The New York Public Library Digital Collections. 1853. http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47da-75cb-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99

“Sunk cost.” Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 23 November 2015. academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/sunk-cost/603279. Accessed 7 April 2017.

The Institute of for College Access and Success, 2017. http://ticas.org/ . Accessed on 4 April 2017.

Reaction to a SUNY New Paltz ECO Panel.

Reaction to a SUNY New Paltz ECO Panel.

R****************     (ToP ECo)

Professor P***********

4/26/2017

Please Note: This is in response to,

“Dear All,

After (almost) 100 days of the Trump Administration, the Economics Department considered this a good moment to evaluate his economic policies thus far, and to get an understanding of the approach his administration is taking towards the economy.

Faculty of the Economics Department will speak briefly from their own fields of expertise, and engage in a brief discussion. After that we will have ample time for questions and remarks from the audience, and to have a conversation about these important issues.

Place: LC 104

Time: 2:00 – 3:15 pm.

We hope to see you there,

please bring your friends and your ideas!

Dr. Edith Kuiper

Chair Economics Department”

____________________________________________________________________________________________

   President’s first 100 days panel

The panel was completely against our President. The only, “positives” that this panel saw in our President was his failures. This partisan panel made me feel disappointed as they unleashed their talking points onto the audience. Some of the points I agree with; others I do not agree with. For example, I agree that Dodd Frank created many important regulations. It is unwise that our President may repeal it without replacing it. Many of Dodd Frank’s regulations have prevented the United States of America from falling back into the 2008 recession. If the President, just terminates Dodd Frank then it is very likely that we will see a quick return into recession. I disagree with the panel’s definition of tariff. According to Britannica a tariff is, “[a] tax levied upon goods as they cross national boundaries, usually by the government of the importing country.” Sara Hsu and the other panelists stated that a Tariff will just hurt the consumer because the consumer will pay the tax. They seem to forget that a tariff is designed to coax the consumer into a domestic substitute. The government doesn’t want the consumer to pay the tax. It is very similar to a sin tax. New York City has a huge sin tax on cigarettes to decrease the amount of pollution and to improve the population’s health. A tariff will hurt consumers slightly, though it will help the producer. Our national economy needs producers and consumers to function properly. If America only consumes we are leading our nation to bankruptcy. That reality would destroy our civilization because it would lead to tyrannical leaders and global wars. We can see that this chain of events has happened before. Extreme debt caused the French Revolution and the failure of the Weimar Republic. Strongmen like Napoleon and Hitler rose from these failures. They changed our civilization through blood. Mona Ali is wrong with her view that we do not have to worry about our national debt. It is an important concern! We want to keep our high, stable, and relatively peaceful standard of living. Even though I was disappointed with the panel’s talking points, I still enjoyed learning about the panelists.

 

A New Perspective on College Debt.

A New Perspective on College Debt.

Rory Apollonia

Joan E. Perisse

ENG 180-29

Multimedia Presentation

4/27/2017

                                                       A New Perspective on College Debt

___________________________________________________________________________________________

Debate: Should you take out loans for a college education?

Project1

The majority of people in the United States of America believe it is worth the cost. They believe strongly that the positive, a higher education, out weighs the negative, debt.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

My Position (THESIS)!

A university degree is not worth indebting yourself because of what debt entails.

 

My PRO POINTS! 🙂

•  A university’s degree guarantees nothing.

• You can obtain a higher education in other ways.

• And college debt limits your personal freedom.

Project2 (2)

____________________________________________________________________________________________

A university’s degree guarantees nothing.

Pro Point #1: SUPPORT

A university’s degree guarantees nothing. It is just a piece of paper that states you did something for about four years. Yes, there are requirements that you had to meet to obtain this piece of paper; however it does not guarantee a better future. Just because you earned a college degree does not mean you will have a better life than someone who did not earn a degree. Since it is hard to quantify, “Better life” let us look at future wealth. Many people who have not earned a college degree have financial prospered. I would like to single out Andrew Carnegie as one prominent example. A college degree is in fact a slimy bet. You figure a college degree’s benefit will outweigh its costs. Though, since it is a bet you don’t know the outcome till afterwards.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Who was Andrew Carnegie?

Artifact

Andrew Carnegie wasn’t a college graduate.  In fact, he had no formal education! He rose from youthful poverty to become of the richest men in human history. Andrew Carnegie’s highest net worth in today’s American’s dollars is 310 Billion. (With a B!)

My reaction to this incredible man –>

 

____________________________________________________________________________________________

You can obtain a higher education in other ways.

Pro Point #2: SUPPORT

You can obtain a higher education in other ways. A higher education does not necessarily mean you need to obtain a college degree. My hero Andrew Carnegie understood that a higher education can be found outside the system of formal education. This monumental truth was learned by Andrew Carnegie through his childhood experience. Andrew Carnegie obtained his higher education through work, life experiences, and most important of all, his local public library

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

KEY POINT: Knowledge is power. You have to fight for yourself in this world. 

Knowledge

____________________________________________________________________________________________

And college debt limits your personal freedom.

Pro Point #3: SUPPORT

College debt limits your personal freedom. Once college debt is acquired it will weigh over the individual until it is paid off. Few individuals are able to pay off their college debt quickly. As a result, college debt effects the individual’s present state and future goals and considerations. College debt will prevent the individual from seizing the opportunities that pass by. These opportunities are not in the individual’s life forever. People should not live a life filled with regret because financial obligations prevent them from living their lives the way they want. The value of freedom is not completely realized until it is gone.

chains

____________________________________________________________________________________________

The Opposition’s Arguments:

Con #1: Supporters of college debt believe a self-taught higher education from public libraries is inferior to a college education. 

Refute #1: They are wrong with their view on libraries because eighteen year old American citizens who have earned high school diplomas are completely able to teach themselves with library resources. We do not need to be, “spoon fed” knowledge by teachers who claim to be, “experts.” We are not little children with underdeveloped brains. We are adults who can form our own opinions from our life experiences. Individuals can obtain a higher education at a public library if they dedicate their time to the pursuit of knowledge. A higher education is not given; it is earned through hard work. 

Con #2: Another counterargument view that is trumpeted by my opponents is that the job market is getting more and more competitive. Employers are looking for people with higher education degrees even for jobs which did not require higher education in the past.

Refute #2: However, Samantha Lopez of the Career Resource Center believes, “not all careers need a four year college degree.” It may seem on the surface that employers want their employees to have college degrees, however, this is wrong. Employers also known as companies and corporations are just trying to maximize their profits. I cited the continuing outsourcing of American jobs to low educated and low paid foreign workers. A huge region of America has humiliatingly been referred to as, “The Rust Belt”. This region contains Buffalo, Detroit, Cleveland, Binghamton, and Bethlehem (PA). Also, the region has experienced a steady population decline which saddens patriotic Americans. If Employers truly cared about higher education they would not have outsourced from highly educated Americans to low educated foreigners.

floyd

 I beat the counters! Like the greatest boxer, Floyd MONEY Mayweather! $$$$$$$$$$$

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Conclusion: 

Thesis: A university degree is not worth indebting yourself because of what debt entails.

Pro #1A university’s degree guarantees nothing.

Pro #2: You can obtain a higher education in other ways.

Pro #3: And college debt limits your personal freedom.

Solutions: If you are about to indebt yourself or are in college debt I ask that you reconsider your situation. Here is my solution, you can live a great life without a college degree. So, do not attend college if you cannot afford it. And if you are in university with college loans I ask you to withdraw. Please don’t feel like it is a requirement in life; it is not a requirement in life. You shouldn’t enslave yourself in debt to achieve a Higher Education. Life is made up of precious time. Don’t waste your time enslaved in debt. If you do; you are wasting your life. 

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My sources are available in a different post. Thank you.

 

Everyone Needs their own Collie. (Expository Essay)

Everyone Needs their own Collie. (Expository Essay)

R************

J********

Composition II

2/13/2017

Expository Photo Essay

 

Everyone needs their own Collie!

My hands slapped my face as a fluffy Rough Collie leaped onto my bed. This was no abnormal occurrence, for my dear family recently bought two show worthy Rough Collies. The, “Rough Collie is a long-coated breed of medium to large size dog that in its original form was a type of collie used and bred for herding in Scotland.”  These young puppies are of the classic breed which many uninformed people call, “Lassies.” The previously mentioned cognitive thought is produced by Eric Knight’s immensely popular novel, “Lassie Come Home” or the, “Lassie” movie franchise that eventually followed Knight’s work. Even though I love my sleep; that jumping Collie has positively transformed my life. Hence, I proclaim that everyone needs their own Collie! Collies are cute, loyal, and healthy for the owner.

Collies are cute! Yes, I know that, “Cute” depends on one’s personal belief on what is pretty. However, I have yet to run into a single person who has criticized the breed or my family’s Collies in a negative fashion. If someone had criticized my family’s Collies my clan would surely put on a rumble. Very similar to the fashion that Muhammad Ali knocked out George Foreman in, “The Rumble in the Jungle.” Now, you know how serious we are over the subject. Ironically, I’m positive that I’m not the only one who finds this situation comical. Please glaze your eyes on labeled images one and two to see cute Collies. Please don’t read anymore. Let the cute factor of these, “Lassies” turn that blank facial expression into a wide smile. A Rough Collies’ bubbly personality is very similar to its cute looks. There is no need to deny it Professor J**********; we both know you love these, “Wonderful Pets” (Email Citation) My Collies’ loyalty trumps this compelling point.

One does not have to look far to see that Collies are immensely loyal. The average folk of the middle 20th Century America knew this sincere truth very well. These Americans made MGM, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer’s, movie, “Lassie Come Home” a giant box office success. Which caused Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to produce the sequel film, “Son of Lassie” quickly afterwards.  “Lassie Come Home” is the pinnacle of celebrating this uniquely loyal breed. According to Internet Movie Database , IMDB Lassie Come Home’s plot is, “After her destitute family is forced to sell her, a collie named Lassie escapes from her new owner and begins the long trek from Scotland to her Yorkshire home” (Biography, IBMd.com). No terrane nor weather could stop this faithful girl.  Lassie has proved her loyalty on the Hollywood’s big screen. As countless other Collies prove their loyalty in our very present realities. Please see the very loyal stare on my cute boy, Laddie, on image 3. He is a loyal dog. I get emotional as I see the loyalty expressed out of his baby blue eyes. Collies are loyal and thus everyone needs them. They have considerably improved my health.

This wonderful breed of dog has improved my families’ and my own health. They are comfort dogs who do so much to improve the emotional state of the owner. Everyday Collies show their affection and change the facial expressions of the people that they meet. No one will keep a frown as a beautiful Lassie licks you to, “Death.” The common belief that a happy person is a healthy person has been proven true by the scientific community. Taneal Wiseman’s, Kim Foster’s, Kate Curtis’s work, “The experience of emotional wellbeing for patients with physical injury: A qualitative follow-up study.” states that there is a, “a strong physical link between the emotional and physical aspects of health” (Wiseman, Foster, Curtis. Abstract). Hence, caring Collies are actually making people healthier. No, this isn’t some old wives’ tale for the scientific community has produced tangible evidence! Therefore, I want to produce a little experiment of my own. I ask you J******** to show the last two photos and the playful videos to your family. Please pay special attention to their before and after reactions. I predict your family will be smiling and thus beneficial Serotonin will be pump throughout their bodies. Serotonin is the, “Happy Hormone” in the human body. I can’t thank enough my exceptional Collies. Since Collies are healthy for the owner everyone needs a collie to stay healthy.

Everyone needs their own Collie! Collies are cute, loyal, and healthy for the owner. From personal experience I have seen firsthand the wonderful qualities that this breed of dog possess. Collies are cute, loyal and beneficial to your health. Lassie’s persona truly personifies the greatness that is this breed of dog. It is only proper for me to express my love for this breed.

Collies Essay Photos

Links to Videos:

 

(Semi-Strict 750 word count)

Unofficial Works’ Cited.

“Email Conversation.” I have the email. I’m citing you (J*********)

“Lassie Come Home.” IMDb. IMDb.com, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2017.

Wiseman, Taneal, Kim Foster, and Kate Curtis. “The Experience Of Emotional Wellbeing For Patients With Physical Injury: A Qualitative Follow-Up Study.” Injury 47.9 (2016): 1983-1989. Academic Search Complete. Web. 13 Feb. 2017.

 

CitizenFour Reaction (Extra Credit)

CitizenFour Reaction (Extra Credit)

R**** A**********

Professor N********

2/23/2017

CitizenFour-Reaction

 

I don’t have a problem with my government spying on its own people. I have nothing to hide from my government. I am a loyal patriot of the United States of America. Yes, I believe many reforms should be conducted on our federal, state, and local governments. If given the opportunity I’m willing to share my own beliefs in entirety. Even though I believe that our government isn’t as effective as possible; that doesn’t mean I’m a traitor against the United States of America. I am not going to believe in the point of view that the propaganda documentary, CitizenFour, proclaims. I will not go against my government in a way that can hurt it and thus hurt the American people. Edward Snowden should have raised his concerns within the government and his employer Booz Allen. Instead of going directly to, “Journalists” who later pressured him to come out of hiding and declare that he is the leaker. These, “Journalists” cared only about the profit they were going to make for it was an explosive story. I believe it is very ironic that people claim privacy when they post almost everything about themselves on social media. In conclusion, I’m not conducting anything that I would be embarrassed about if it were made public. I have nothing to hide from my government. I state my beliefs loud and proud. I respect my government even though it isn’t perfect. I am proud to be American. The United States of America has provided tons of opportunities for me. Finally, I respect all views and I encourage others to disagree with my perspective.

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Please see my manifesto, Scientific Nationalism, for the reforms I would like to make to the United States of America.